On any given day, more than 450,000 people across the U.S. are sitting in jail awaiting trial because they cannot afford to pay their bail. Many of them, perhaps a great majority, are poor people who find themselves incarcerated while people with financial means – who are accused of the same or even more serious crimes – simply pay to be released.
The Eighth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibits excessive bail, which the U.S. Supreme Court has defined as an amount higher than the amount reasonably calculated to guarantee that an accused person will be available for trial. But in practice, bail is often set based on other factors, without regard for the defendant’s ability to pay. As a result, poor people are jailed potentially for weeks or even months awaiting trial, often on misdemeanor charges.
Because of its deficiencies and unfairness, cash bail has been eliminated in most of the world. In fact, the U.S. and the Philippines are the only countries that still have a cash bail system. What, then, are some of the possible alternatives to cash bail that might be fairer to the accused without jeopardizing the integrity of the justice system?
- Pretrial service agencies — These public bureaus furnish courts with background information on defendants so judges can make more informed bail decisions. They also can support and supervise defendants who are out of jail, by providing drug and alcohol monitoring, for example.
- Unsecured bonds — These are contractual obligations whereby the accused person agrees to appear in court when ordered. The accused does not have to pay money up front or put up any collateral, but they agree to post cash bail later if they don’t show up in court.
- Reminder systems — Courts can set up email and text messaging systems to remind people of their upcoming court date, just like many doctors and dentists do to remind patients of appointments. This could help mitigate situations where people miss court dates because they legitimately forgot when they were slated to appear.
- Transportation to court — Many people who can’t afford bail also have trouble paying for transportation. Cities could develop methods to help people get to court, such as by providing vouchers for public transport.
At the Law Offices of Kevin Collins in San Antonio, I believe strongly that your rights should not depend on how much money you have. I do everything I can to secure the release of eligible clients with zero bail when possible. To reach a Texas criminal defense lawyer who understands the bail system and will fight for your release, call 210-598-8629 or contact me online today to schedule a consultation.